Phase II Archive
 
WP5

Trade and Climate Change

Climate change poses particular challenges to international trade regulation. These challenges are being addressed jointly by Work Package 5 and NCCR Climate, with a view to promoting the interdisciplinary approaches and solutions needed. WP5 will address climate change adaptation (topic I); climate change mitigation (topic II); and industrial structures and competition (topic III). The CITEL (Climate Change and International Trade from an Economic and Legal Perspective) Component of NCCR Climate (topic IV) mainly focuses on mitigation such as border tax adjustment measures and shares leadership and researchers with WP5 ensuring coherence. Problems are addressed from the angles of economics and law, in particular regulations in WTO law. WP5 seeks to determine to what extent current WTO rules are favourable to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
 

Cluster 1

Towards a principle of common concern in international economic law

Efforts of international trade regulation to address climate change increasingly face the challenge of generating a global public interest in the absence of effective global governance. Governments continue to operate on the premise of permanent sovereignty over natural resources and exclusive responsibility for actions taken or not taken within their jurisdiction. This cluster discusses current efforts to develop a principle of common interest, related to other principles of international and environmental law, in particular the emerging doctrine of Responsibility to Protect.

Related: publications
5.1.1

Common concern and global public goods: Eviden ...

Common concern represents the growing need in a globali ...
5.1.2

Common concern, the duty to protect and the re ...

The concept of sovereignty has been the overriding them ...
5.1.3

Process and production methods in WTO law and ...

Countries with emissions trading schemes (ETSs) or carb ...
5.1.4

Adaptation to climate change: Towards effectiv ...

This project will address the water-related dimensions ...
 

Cluster 2

Towards an effective architecture of the international climate regime

The current impasse in international climate negotiations calls for a reconsideration of basic tenets of global climate protection. The international climate change process is greatly hindered by the huge number of countries and their diverse interests. This cluster seeks to propose new venues, combining the “top-down” approach of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with “bottom-up” approaches and the implementation of new market mechanisms.

Related: publications
5.2.1

New Strategies for global climate governance

This project investigates how a post-2012 climate archi ...
5.2.2

Governance challenges and “top-down” criteria ...

This project explores different governance frameworks f ...
5.2.3

The access of renewable energy sources to “sma ...

This project explores how the economic and legal condit ...
 

Cluster 3

Towards a framework energy agreement

Reduction of CO2 emissions largely depends upon efficient and careful energy management, hence the comprehensive legal framework on energy trade is of paramount importance. This cluster will look at the legal status of different energy resources and then turn to the issues related to transit commitments, subsidies and monopolies. The cluster will offer essential building blocks suitable for a future WTO framework agreement on energy that takes into consideration political and economic perspectives.

Related: publications
5.3.1

The legal status of different energy resources

Traditionally, energy services were perceived as a valu ...
5.3.2

Reinforcing transit services commitments

The aim of this project is to develop a comprehensive a ...
5.3.3

New disciplines on energy related subsidies

International trade law could play an important role in ...
5.3.4

Monopolies in the energy sector: legal and eco ...

Energy production and supplies are characterized by str ...

Trade and Climate Change - Archived Projects 2009/10/11

4.4, topic II

Food Security, WTO and FDI in agriculture

In early 2008 world prices of major agricultural commod ...
5.1, topic I

Impact of climate change on international trad ...

This project analyses the mid-term impact of climate ch ...
5.2, topic I

Climate change adaptation in agriculture and i ...

Based on the concept of "virtual water", this project w ...
5.3, topic I

Role of technology and innovation in agricultu ...

The US National Research Council released a seminal rep ...
5.4, topic I

Climate change risk management and regulation ...

Climate change brings about a new set of major economic ...
5.5a, topic I

Access to fresh water and international trade ...

Access to fresh water and the WTO – coping with the con ...
5.5b, topic I

Jordan Case Study

Jordan, one of the most arid countries in the world, fa ...
5.6, topic II

An institutional framework for the global carb ...

The European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), operati ...
3.7

Testing selected innovation-targeted tools in ...

Innovative local entrepreneurs in developing countries ...
5.7, topic III

The access of renewable energy sources to the ...

The liberalisation process of the European electricity ...
5.8, topic II

WTO negotiations and EGS: sectoral initiative ...

The Environmental Area Initiative (EAI) is not limited ...
5.9a, topic III

Subsidization of fossil fuel and renewable ene ...

This paper will analyse the legal status of measures pr ...
5.9b, topic III

Subsidies to Renewables: When, How Much and fo ...

A range of policy aims are stated, which would support ...
5.10, topic III

Implementing and monitoring PPMs

In view of the development of efficient tools to fight ...
CITEL 1, topic IV

Climate Change and International Trade from an ...

PhD title: Border adjustment measures in emission reduc ...
CITEL 2, topic IV

Strategic Interactions of Climate Policy and I ...

Border tax adjustments (BTA) are a potential instrument ...
CITEL 3, topic IV

Tariff policies in climate change mitigation

Border measures such as tax adjustment and tariff polic ...