4.1.4

Intergenerational Mobility in Education: Why is it Different for Immigrants and Natives of a Particular Country?

Numerous empirical studies provide evidence that parental education is highly correlated with the educational attainment levels of their offspring. It has also been shown that the degree of such a correlation differs between the native and the immigrant population of a country.

Intergenerational immobility in education acts as a barrier to equal opportunities for children of parents who are not highly educated and for different population subgroups and thus raises an important issue from a policy perspective.

This project will examine what determines the difference in intergenerational educational mobility between natives of a particular country and second generation immigrants. Using Blinder-Oaxaca decompositions, we describe to which extent differences in upward (downward) mobility in education can be explained by differences in observable characteristics between immigrants and natives on the one hand, and to what extent they are due to unobservable factors on the other hand. This analysis provides an indication as to which factors facilitate educational upward mobility and thus equal opportunities for different social groups.