Phase II Archive
 
WP6

Impact Assessment

Trade regulation critically depends on the availability of appropriate tools for assessing the impact of planned or existing policies and norms. A broad range of impact-assessment techniques will be developed and applied in order to shed light on the issue of how policy affects outcome variables. The focus of the individual projects is on the impact of trade on wages and the localisation of economic activity; the impact of institutional arrangements on policy quality; the impact of preferential trade arrangements on firm behaviour and performance; the identification of outcome variables capable of generating policy-relevant classifications of countries and products; the impact of financial regulation on the capacity of financial systems to distribute the gains and losses from trade; and the impact of trade on individual perceptions.
 

Cluster 1

Impact of trade liberalization on economic and political institutions

This cluster deals with the consequences of trade-policy changes for economic and political institutions in developing countries. Regarding political institutions, we explore the circumstances under which trade sanctions are successful in promoting democratization. Regarding economic institutions, the idea is that heightened competitive pressure makes complementary reforms more urgent. The areas of reform considered are competition policy and financial market regulations.

Related: publications
6.1.2

Trade sanctions, regime change, and democratiz ...

This project explores whether and under which circumsta ...
6.1.3

More trade, more competition? – Openness and c ...

Using detailed firm-level data from Uruguay’s National ...
6.1.4

Openness and financial-sector reform

This project studies the impact of trade liberalization ...
 

Cluster 2

Economic impact evaluation of trade policy measures

Trade policy has come to entail much more than tariff setting. In fact, a range of “trade facilitation” measures are now part and parcel of trade liberalizing reforms, especially in developing countries. The first part of this cluster comprises closely related research projects that use modern tools of causal inference to evaluate the economic impact of “aid for trade” policy measures. The second part examines the impact of SPS measures on trade flows.

Related: publications
6.2.1

Ex-post evaluation of Aid for Trade

WP 6.2.1 evaluates the impact of aid for trade through ...
6.2.2

Estimating the trade effects of maximum residu ...

WP 6.2.2 examines the impact of maximum residue levels ...
 

Cluster 3

Impact of international trade on intra-national economic geography

This cluster contains two projects that examine the impact of trade on intra-national economic geographies. To date, economic research on the effects of trade liberalization has mainly examined changes in specialization across firms, sectors or factors of production. While such allocation effects are important, one dimension has been strikingly absent from the literature: space. We therefore study intra-national spatial adjustment patterns following the opening of international trade, working with data from Austria and India.

6.3.1

Margins of regional adjustment to trade libera ...

This sub-project studies spatial adjustment patterns in ...
6.3.2

Trade liberalization and the clustering of ser ...

While there has been considerable research on India’s “ ...

Impact Assessment - Archived Projects 2009/10/11

6.1

Trade, wages and location

We use the fall of the Iron Curtain, a large trade shoc ...
6.2

Trade preferences and adjustment at the firm l ...

In 2002, major steel importers imposed new safeguard tr ...
6.3

Regionalism and governance

The objective of this project is to evaluate the extent ...
4.4, topic II

Food Security, WTO and FDI in agriculture

In early 2008 world prices of major agricultural commod ...
6.4

Trade indices and trade patterns

The evolution of trade patterns and export diversificat ...
6.5

Threshold impact analysis and progressive trad ...

Progressive trade regulation involves addressing existi ...
6.6

Legal dimension of trade and investment impact ...

This project seeks to assess and contribute to methodol ...
6.7

Financial markets and their regulation

The liberalisation of financial markets facilitated cro ...
5.2, topic I

Climate change adaptation in agriculture and i ...

Based on the concept of "virtual water", this project w ...
3.4

The protection of IPRs through investment agre ...

This research project tackles the question of the prote ...