Phase II Archive
 
WP3

Innovation and Creativity

While economists advocate the dismantling of government-imposed restrictions towards international trade, there continues to be a strong need for government action to address failures of private markets to provide for an efficient allocation of resources. One crucial action is giving appropriate incentives for investments in inventive and creative activities. The projects address a few challenges in the context of innovation and creativity in international trade stemming from the emergence of new technologies and business models, the changing composition of the world economy, novel innovation needs and the evolving overall governance structure for international trade that is fragmented and increasingly involves bilateral, regional and plurilateral approaches next to the multilateral model.
 

Cluster 1

Product innovation

New products are essential in a liberalized global economy and are the driving force of growth and welfare. The cluster investigates the effectiveness of public and private sector strategies to promote sustainable development and social empowerment through product innovation. For that purpose we look at economic theory, best practices in promoting innovation, and the effects of private standards and environmental policies. The goal is to recommend improvements to the legal frameworks that foster sustainable development through innovation.

Related: publications
3.1.1

Applying new growth theory to int’l trade

International trade theory and the economic models that ...
3.1.2

Public support for product innovation in Swiss ...

Due to the unexpected world food crisis, the world is r ...
3.1.3

Are private standards obstacles to trade?

The impact of private standards on development is contr ...
3.1.4

Enabling product innovation and trade particip ...

E-mentoring is widely recognized as a tool to promote e ...
3.1.5

Access to Animal Genetic Resources for Food an ...

Livestock diversity is eroding worldwide. Yet, under sc ...
 

Cluster 2

Revisiting patent law and policy

Cluster 2 continues the work on the patent system which is pivotal to innovation. Following on from the research on the legal notion of ‘abuse of patent rights’, this cluster investigates tools to address the doubts as to the patent system’s efficiency in incentivising innovation. The hypothesis is that the patent system is flexible enough to cope with most issues, provided that the quality of patents is assured and the rights are adjusted to the level of economic development of each country.

Related: publications
3.2.1

Assessing the working requirement in TRIPS and ...

Are countries allowed to require the ‘working’ of an in ...
3.2.2

The structure of patent costs and innovation

Patent quality may call for more financial resources fo ...
3.2.3

Transparency in patent law: more transparency ...

Transparency calls for openness, participation and acco ...
3.2.4 (continued PhD project)

The role of IPRs protection in encouraging FDI ...

The relationship between intellectual property rights ( ...
3.2.5 (continued PhD project)

Tax breaks for development

Tax reductions are relevant in terms of subsidies in WT ...
3.2.6 (continued PhD project)

Protecting traditional knowledge under unfair ...

The term ‘traditional knowledge’ (TK) has been at the c ...
 

Cluster 3

New technologies and trade governance

Cluster 3 seeks to explore the implications of new technological developments for international trade regulation. The research focuses on three discrete technologies – digital (P3.1), nano (P3.2) and synthetic biology (P3.3), although insights gained in each of these research strands are intended to feed into a common, deeper understanding of novel technologies acting as challenges to global trade governance models, and as a trigger for adjustments.

Related: publications
3.3.1

Digital technologies and trade governance

The project encompasses enquiries into the implications ...
3.3.2

The regulatory challenge of nanotechnology

The project examines the initiatives on various levels ...
3.3.3

Synthetic biology and trade governance

Synthetic biology applies engineering principles to the ...

Innovation and Creativity - Archived Projects 2009/10/11

4.4, topic II

Food Security, WTO and FDI in agriculture

In early 2008 world prices of major agricultural commod ...
3.1

Access to content (A2C) in the digital environ ...

The project examines the conditions of access to conten ...
3.2

The role of interoperability in international ...

The project seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the ...
3.3a

Institutional conflicts and plant genetic reso ...

The global IP governance framework is in itself marked ...
3.3b

Investigating the Need for Ceilings in the TRI ...

Establishing minimum standards for IP protection, the T ...
5.3, topic I

Role of technology and innovation in agricultu ...

The US National Research Council released a seminal rep ...
3.3c

Nanotechnology: the invention-discovery dichot ...

We explore the distinction between invention and discov ...
3.4

The protection of IPRs through investment agre ...

This research project tackles the question of the prote ...
3.5

Rights to animal genetic resources for food an ...

New (bio)technologies have simplified transfer and repr ...
3.6

The law, economics and policy of financial inn ...

This interdisciplinary project on financial innovation ...
3.7

Testing selected innovation-targeted tools in ...

Innovative local entrepreneurs in developing countries ...